Uttar Pradesh or the erstwhile Awadh played a crucial role in helping British strengthen their grip on India, and ironically, later led the fight of Indian independence struggle. Cities such as Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, etc. stand testimony to the years of British rule. Several buildings including the churches, palaces, administrative building, monuments, and even educational institutes bear the mark of imperialistic Indo-Saracenic architecture.
History of ‘The Residency’ dates back to the 18th century when it was a massive complex consisting of several buildings including residences, stables, armoury, places of worship, and dispensaries apart from other facilities. The construction was completed by the NawabSaadat Ali Khan in the 1800 AD to serve as residence to the British representative in the court of Nawab. The Residency overlooks River Gomti offering a splendid view of the city.
The Residency was immortalised in history books when it became the focus of Indian independence struggle of 1857. Freedom fighters laid siege to this place where over 3,500 British had sought refuge. A fierce battle continued over a period of next 140 days before the rescue forces were able to defeat the Indian freedom fighters.
Today, only scarred ruins of The Residency remain bearing silent witness to the 1857 turmoil. The cemetery adjacent to the Church which is now in ruins holds the graves of as many as 2,000 people including women, men, and children including Sir Henry Lawrence who was killed during the Siege. The campus also holds a ‘Residency Museum’ maintained by the authorities. The Residency has been declared as a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India. Once you completely explore Lucknow, you can take Lucknow to Kanpur one way cabs and delve further into the colonial history in Kanpur.
Kanpur Memorial Church
The Kanpur Memorial Church earlier known as the All Souls’ Cathedral is located in Kanpur City of Uttar Pradesh state in India. The church was originally built to commemorate the Britishers who laid down their lives during the historical “Siege of Cawnpore” during 1857. The Britishers found it convenient to spell Kanpur as Cawnpore and that stayed till India gained independence in 1947. Walter Granville is credited with designing the Church.
While the Church was built in 1875, the adjacent garden underwent some changes in 1948 after the Indian independence. The ambience of church vividly depicts the influence of fine arts and medieval ideas as well as its paintings and structures. Since the Church also stands as a memorial, it has several sad stories associated with the armed struggle and people who laid down their lives during that time. The British rulers constructed the Church and cemetery on one side as a fitting tribute to the warriors.
The Kanpur Sangrahalaya or Museum is the official museum of the Kanpur city. Originally, the museum is stated to have been built by the British in honour of Edward VII. It was initially built as a hall which was used by European settlers for cultural activities. Established in 1999, the museum depicts the emergence of Kanpur over the years. Given the fact that Kanpur played a significant role in the Indian independence struggle, the museum has several interesting insights and artefacts for the visitors.
The articles in the museum are astonishing and have been designed by artists with the exceptional expertise to showcase the talent of artists during the historical era. You can hire Lucknow to Kanpur cabs to reach this historically rich city without any hassles. You can also explore other historically significant places such as Jajmau, Jain Glass Temple, BoodhaBargad, Kanpur Gardens, and the sacred Bithoor town.