Congenital heart diseases are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children in Nigeria. Atrial septal defects and ventricular septal defects are the most common types of congenital heart diseases affecting Nigerian children. According to World Health Organization (WHO) reports, there are about 56,000 new cases of children in Nigeria every year born with congenital heart defects. While almost 70 percent of these cases can be correctly treated with a single and straightforward surgery, most of these are presently referred to other countries like India for surgical correction since pediatric cardiac surgery or cardiology in Nigeria is still not an established medical specialty in the country. On an average, it is estimated that Nigerians spend about $1.5 billion every year on medical tourism to foreign countries.
What are Congenital Heart Diseases?
Congenital heart diseases are defects with which a child is born. Children with congenital heart diseases may have a small hole in the heart wall or something more severe. Most common congenital heart diseases however are problems with structure of the child’s heart, including holes and leaky valves. Nevertheless, congenital heart diseases, including severe conditions can be effectively treated with surgery.
Types of Congenital Heart Defects
- Heart Valve Defects – This typically includes heart valves which are either too narrow or completely closed in order to allow blood to leak backwards or make it difficult for blood to go through.
- Heart Wall Defects – These include holes within atria and ventricular chambers of the heart. Atrial septal defects and ventricular septal defects cause unwanted mixing of the oxygenated and deoxygenated blood.
- Issues with Heart Muscles – This type of congenital heart disease can lead to heart failure where the organ is unable to pump sufficient amount of blood to the person’s body.
- Erratic Connections Among Blood Vessels – This type of congenital heart defects mislead the normal flow of blood. Like blood which should normally flow to lungs goes to other parts of the body and vice versa. Erratic blood vessel connections can lead to organ failure.
Atrial Septal Defect Repair Surgery
Ventricular and atrial septal defect repair surgery is commonly performed during childhood for preventing complications as the child grows up. Ventricular and atrial septal defect repair surgery is performed for both adults and children and involves patching or plugging the abnormal opening. Cardiac catheterization and open-heart surgery are the two approaches with which ventricular and atrial septal defect repair surgeries are normally performed.
Undergo Affordable VSD and ASD Closure Surgery in India
VSD and ASD closure surgery in India is a golden opportunity for overseas patients seeking good quality of congenital heart disease treatments at affordable costs in other countries. VSD and ASD closure surgery in India is performed by highly trained and experienced pediatric cardiac surgeons who are adept in performing the most complex heart operations and have delivered numerous successful outcomes in the past. Alongside this, cost of undergoing VSD and ASD closure surgery in India is just a fraction of what it takes to undergo similar treatments in other healthcare destinations across the world. In fact, overseas patients, including those coming from African countries like Nigeria, can save almost 70 percent of their hard earned money by undergoing VSD and ASD closure surgery in India.