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What are the clinical treatments for anemia?

anemiaAn individual may acquire or inherit diseases related to blood disorders. It can be categorized as mild or severe, depending on its response to a person’s health. One of the most popular blood disorders nowadays is the anemia.

Anemia refers to a condition, whereas an individual experience blood cell problems affecting his RBC, WBC, platelets, or plasma. It can be acquired through accidents, serious injuries, internal bleeding, menstrual cycles, pregnancies, and diseases.

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This condition impairs the formation and functions of the blood cells, thus, it creates an abnormal and an imbalance process within the human’s body. In this context, we will discuss carefully the clinical treatments for each anemia type. Read below the full content to understand the types of anemia and their corresponding treatments.

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Clinical Treatments for Different Types of Anemia 

  1. Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia

 The folic acid or B-vitamins (B9 and B12) is responsible for the RBC regeneration. It connotes a serious problem if the body lacks folic acid. The red blood cells will be supplied in low quantity, which may eventually lead to a blood disorder. In order to treat this condition, the individual should take vitamin B supplements and vitamin B shots every once a year to counteract this disorder.

  1. Iron Deficiency Anemia 

Iron is one of the fundamental chemical elements which help the regeneration of the RBCs. It is mixedwith the other chemical elements such as zinc, copper, folate, B-vitamins, and more. These nutrients are necessary for the plasma to carry on the bloodstream. In this way, the plasma and red blood cells will help the blood circulate in the body and distribute the nourishment that it needs.

An iron deficiency anemia may stem from the common causes of blood disorders such as accidents, injuries, pregnancies, or menstruation. This condition can still be treated through taking iron enriched supplements, changing eating habits and lifestyle. For serious conditions, it may lead to a surgery.

  1. Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia 

When your immune system secretes antibodies, these protecting catalysts will target foreign invaders (infections, viruses, and bacteria) to eliminate them and restore the healthy condition of the body. However, the antibodies work in a reverse effect. Instead of wiping out the viruses and bacteria, these protecting catalysts will directly attack the RBCs.

In this condition, the most viable treatment would be changing eating habits and lifestyle, stem cell transplants, blood transfusion, surgery, and medical treatments.

  1. Aplastic Anemia 

This condition occurs when the bone marrow cannot produce a normal red blood cell. Usually, RBCs can live for at least 120 days, however, in aplastic anemia, they can only live less than the standard lifespan. To cure this disease, an individual should undergo to bone marrow transplants, medical treatments, blood transfusion, and stem cell transplants.

  5. Sickle-cell Disease 

A sickle-cell disease is the most chronic form of anemia because it is typically inherited from your ancestors or parents. From the name itself, the individual has irregular shaped RBCs. It commonly followed the shape of a sickle and that’s how the name was derived from.

This condition can lead to death if not immediately and properly treated. In order for the individual to survive, he should undergo several treatments which include vaccinations, nitric oxide treatment, medical treatments, blood transfusion, bone marrow transplants, gene therapy, and more.

  1. Anemia related to Bone Marrow Disease 

An anemia associated with bone marrow disease is the severe form of aplastic anemia. At this stage, the bone marrow cannot produce red blood cell anymore. Therefore, the WBC may outnumber the RBC and it may trigger cancer-generating cells to become active. This is also the tendency for leukemia to endanger the body.

For this condition, the best treatments would be bone marrow transplants, medication, blood transfusion, and chemotherapy.

  1. Chronic Disease Anemia

 There are some types of anemia that cannot be identified. This is a rare disease wherein the individual may suffer from different underlying disorders. For instance, the doctors cannot easily trace the certain anemia since it rooted in various symptoms and causes. In this way, the best treatments are a blood transfusion, injections, or surgery. The patient will be injected with erythropoietin in order to stimulate red blood cell regeneration. The erythropoietin is usually secreted by the kidneys.

  1. Thalassemia

 Like the sickle-cell disease, this condition is also inherited and passed down through family generations. However, it has nothing to do with the red blood cells. As a matter of fact, hemoglobin is the primary target of this disease, thus, it creates an abnormal form of the hemoglobin. The individual should immediately seek medical advice in order to perform the treatments to overcome this condition. These are the treatments necessary for the patient: blood stem cell transplants, blood transfusion, folic acid supplements, splenectomy, medications, and bone marrow transplants.

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